Anastassia Fedyk: Firm Investments in Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Changes in Workforce Composition
Do companies that employ STEM and highly educated workers invest more in AI? And if so, how does it affect the hierarchical structure of the firm?
Join us on Monday, May 9, 2022, when Anastassia Fedyk of the Haas School of Business at UC Berkeley joins us to share her research.
A free, virtual event. In-person attendance is open to the Stanford community.
We study the shifts in U.S. firms’ workforce composition and organization associated with the use of AI technologies. To do so, we leverage a unique combination of worker resume and job postings datasets to measure firm-level AI investments and workforce composition variables, such as educational attainment, specialization, and hierarchy. We document that firms with higher initial shares of highly-educated workers and STEM workers invest more in AI. As firms invest in AI, they tend to transition to more educated workforces, with higher shares of workers with undergraduate and graduate degrees, and more specialization in STEM fields and IT and analysis skills. Furthermore, AI investments are associated with a flattening of the firms’ hierarchical structure, with significant increases in the share of workers at the junior level and decreases in shares of workers in middle-management and senior roles. Overall, our results highlight that adoption of AI technologies is associated with significant reorganization of firms’ workforces.